Understanding Overweight & Obesity

Global industrialization, mechanization, automation and the ‘connected world’ has decreased man’s participation in rigorous physical work and play, enabled more leisure time and greatly increased the availability of easily available fast food and sedentary entertainment. These mostly positive advances have in some instances negatively affected societies’ health. The societal changes alongside other lifestyle factors have led to an increased prevalence of obesity, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, disordered eating and eating disorders.

Your personal trainer Aubrey, is equipped to screen you for these nutritionally related conditions, he has the specialist training and unique advantage of being able to refer clients to top medical practitioners to obtain accurate medical assessments from the right medical specialist when needed for weight related conditions, sports/occupational injuries and medical nutritional therapy to provide a total weight management solution as your trainer’s role is program design and execution along with lifestyle change support.

Overweight and Obesity are a major public health concerns globally. These conditions raise the risk of morbidity from hypertension; hyperlipidemia; type 2 diabetes; coronary heart disease; stroke; gallbladder disease; osteoarthritis; sleep apnea; respiratory problems; and endometrial, breast, prostrate and colon cancers. Further, higher body weights are also associated in all cause mortality. Overweight and Obesity are among the leading causes of preventable deaths globally.

Your personal trainer Aubrey, selects appropriate prevention strategies and designs effective exercise programs based on understanding the complex and important differences between overweight and obesity; People who are obese have a significantly greater excess of weight, particularly adipose tissue mass than those who are overweight. The percentage of adipose tissue as opposed to fat free tissue is higher in persons who are obese, i.e. people who are obese have significantly increased their fat stores  without a concomitant increase in muscle mass.

Persons who are obese, are generally likely to have a larger positive energy balance over a longer period of time than those who are overweight. The positive energy balance is from a decrease in physical activity with an increase in food consumption. Energy balance occurs when you consume as many calories as you expend, resulting in no change in body weight. A positive energy balance, or consuming more calories than you expend will result in an increase in body weight. Conversely, a negative energy balance, or the consumption of less calories than one expends will lead to a decrease in body weight.

On average, obese persons have a higher resting metabolic rate and expend more energy on activities than those who are overweight or of normal weight; Why? Moving a heavy mass requires more energy.

These differences and their implications indicate that a sedentary lifestyle or a low level of habitual activity is the reason for a large proportion of adult and adolescent overweight cases. In layman’s terms it is possible for an individual to become overweight by decreasing their levels of activity without increasing their daily caloric intake.For this segment of the population (overweight), early intervention with increased physical activity in the form of an exercise program is vital to sidestep the onset of potentially fatal lifestyle diseases.

The role and responsibility of your Tiger Athletic personal trainer Aubrey, in the preparticipation screening process is through the acronym MATER.

  • Motivate performance and compliance.
  • Assess health status.
  • Train clients safely and effectively to meet individual objectives.
  • Educate clients to be informed consumers
  • Refer clients to health care professionals where necessary

The most important principle underlying the consultation and health appraisal process is to screen you for risk factors and symptoms of chronic cardiovascular, pulmonary, metabolic and orthopedic diseases in order to optimize safety during exercise testing and participation. Assessing and focusing on your health status and stratifying risk as a basis for referral to a team of onsite health care professionals is what separates training with Tiger Athletic from any other personal training service provider in South Africa.

After the consultation and health appraisal, your personal trainer Aubrey, needs to collect more information regards your current level of fitness and skills before developing an exercise program for you. Appropriate body specific physical assessments are selected after thoughtful consideration of your unique health and exercise history and personal wellness goals.

The purposes of assessment are to gather baseline data and to provide a basis for developing goals and effective exercise programs. Gathering and evaluating the various pieces of information gives your personal trainer Aubrey,  a broader perspective of who you are. The process and data collected assist your personal trainer, in identifying potential areas of injury and reasonable starting points for recommended intensities and volumes of exercise based on those goals and fitness outcomes regarding your weight management.

Communicating the results to you in an individualized training program, that incorporates your personal wellness goals and interests is what we regard as the “personal” in personal training and what separates your personal trainer Aubrey, from the rest ensuring your weight management success.

Book an assessment and ensure that you achieve your personal wellness and weight management goals safely and effectively with a specialist who will assess and train you like the unique individual you are.

 

 

 

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